How do They Laser Haze Off Lens After Cataract Surgery?
When an individual is diagnosed with cataracts, surgery may be recommended as the only treatment option. This is because cataracts cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy, making it difficult for an individual to see clearly. Although cataract surgery is considered a routine procedure, there are several complications that may arise. One of these complications is known as posterior capsular opacification or PCO. PCO occurs when the capsule that holds the artificial lens becomes cloudy, causing vision to become blurred. Fortunately, PCO can be treated with a laser procedure known as YAG capsulotomy. In this article, we will explore how they laser haze off lens after cataract surgery.
Understanding the Anatomy of the Eye
Before we delve into how they laser haze off lens after cataract surgery, it is important to understand the anatomy of the eye. The eye is made up of several structures including the cornea, lens, and retina. The cornea is the clear front surface of the eye that helps to focus light onto the retina. The lens is located behind the iris and works to focus light onto the retina as well. The retina is the inner lining of the eye that contains photoreceptor cells which convert light into electrical signals that are sent to the brain via the optic nerve.
Cataract surgery involves the removal of the cloudy lens and replacement with an artificial lens implant. During the procedure, the surgeon will make a small incision in the eye and use a phacoemulsification device to break up the cloudy lens. The pieces of the lens are then suctioned out of the eye and the artificial lens is implanted. The surgeon will then close the incision using dissolvable stitches.
Posterior Capsular Opacification
After cataract surgery, the capsule that holds the artificial lens in place may become cloudy. This can occur months or even years after the procedure. When this happens, vision becomes blurred and hazy. This condition is known as posterior capsular opacification or PCO. PCO occurs as a result of the lens capsule cells growing and migrating behind the artificial lens. These cells can then continue to grow and form a cloudy membrane behind the lens implant.
Fortunately, PCO can be treated with a laser procedure known as YAG capsulotomy. This procedure involves using a laser to make a small opening in the cloudy capsule behind the artificial lens. The laser used is a Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (YAG) laser. The procedure is painless and typically takes only a few minutes to perform.
After YAG capsulotomy, vision typically improves almost immediately. However, it is important to note that patients may experience some floaters or debris in their vision after the procedure. This is because the laser can cause a small amount of disturbance to the vitreous fluid in the eye.
In conclusion, cataract surgery is a common procedure that has a high success rate. However, complications such as posterior capsular opacification or PCO can occur. Fortunately, PCO can be treated with a laser procedure known as YAG capsulotomy. This procedure involves using a YAG laser to make a small opening in the cloudy capsule behind the artificial lens. Although the procedure is painless and typically takes only a few minutes to perform, patients may experience some floaters or debris in their vision after the procedure. Overall, YAG capsulotomy is an effective treatment option for PCO and can help to restore clear vision for individuals who have undergone cataract surgery..